The capital of the state of Guanajuato has been named World Heritage by UNESCO and is a charming colonial city situated in a picturesque valley surrounded by mountains of the Sierra de Guanajuato. Know also as “Place of Frogs” because for the first inhabitants of the city, the shape of the surrounding mountainous terrain resemble a frog. This region is known as the Bajío, or the heart of Mexico.
Founded in 1559, Guanajuato is an old city home to the La Valenciana mine. The silver was first discovered in Guanajuato at mid-seventeenth century. La Valenciana was explored a century later and quickly became one of the richest and most productive mines in the world. The Temple of San Cayetano, located to the side of the reservoir, was built as a monument of wealth and riches that were extracted from the mine.
The historic center of Guanajuato has a distinctive European flavor, with hundreds of cobbled streets up and down the slope. The tree-lined squares are filled with outdoor cafes, museums, theaters, markets and historical monuments. The buildings of the city are an excellent example of colonial architecture neoclassical and baroque. Mentioning the famous network of underground tunnels running beneath the city to help control traffic flow.